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What to do if you find kittens outdoors

Early every spring, our phones start ringing off the hook with calls from concerned citizens wondering what they should do with the kittens they found outdoors.

what to do if you find kittens outdoors

What is “Kitten Season”?
After the dark, cold winter, we excitedly anticipate the warmer Spring weather and its delightful scent of blossoms and grass. However, ask any animal welfare volunteer or employee what Spring season means to them, and they may respond with a term describing the growth of something other than flowers. 

“Kitten Season” refers to the period when litters of kittens are born, generally beginning with the warmer weather and potentially lasting until the end of the year. Each year, thousands of kittens are brought to shelters and rescue groups across the state! While newborn kittens are adorable and it can be tempting to pick up small kittens you might find outside, these fragile babies do best with their mother raising them, and it can be a deadly mistake to take kittens away prematurely.

What to do if you find kittens outdoors:

Are the kittens clean and quiet or sleeping?

If yes, a mom is likely caring for them, and you should leave them alone.

  • The mom may be out searching for food or in the process of moving them to a different location.
  • The mom may not return if she senses a human near her nest.
  • Once kittens are weaned, around 4-6 weeks of age, contact your local animal control services to ask about trapping mom and her kittens to all be spayed/neutered.
  • Kittens can have surgery once they are two months old and weigh at least two pounds.
  • A mom cat can become pregnant even while still nursing!

If you are unsure if the mom is around, here is a trick. Create a large circle around the area with flour and leave. Return after a couple of hours to check for paw prints in the flour and reassess the kittens’ condition. If you determine that the mom is caring for her kittens and the area is safe, you may provide shelter and regular food for the mom, but keep the food at a distance from the nest. The mother may not accept your shelter if food is nearby because she might fear it will attract other unwelcome cats to her location. 

Are the kittens dirty, crying and cold?

Neonatal kittens are more at risk of hypothermia than they are of starvation. It is safer to wait and see if a mom returns in warmer weather than in colder temperatures.

  • If you determine that they appear neglected, hungry or in immediate danger, it is important to take action fast.
  • Are you prepared to bottle feed and care for them until they are old enough to be spayed/neutered and adopted? If so, contact our Foster Care Department for information and resources.
  • Otherwise, place the kittens in a box with a blanket, preferably with a low-heat heating pad under the blanket, and take them to your local municipal animal control shelter.

Become a Foster Parent

HSU receives kittens with and without their mom nearly every day during Kitten Season. We are usually in need of dependable foster care volunteers willing to open up their homes to help with precious litters of bottle-feeding orphans and other kittens who still have their mom.  Are you willing to bottle feed, wean, socialize and provide medical care to ensure each kitten can find a home of his or her own? If you said yes, then you can become a life-saver. Click to read more about becoming a Foster Volunteer.

We hope this article helps you know what to do when you find kittens. If you have any questions, contact your local municipal animal control shelter.

PDF flow chart from Ally Cat Allies

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