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General Considerations

A dog is happier if allowed to live and grow in the home of the owner and receive the love and fellowship necessary. Forcing a pet to live a solitary life, outside, it leads to boredom. A bored dog is often a problem animal, ready to bark, chewing / biting objects, and do other mischief.

A dog is social in nature and grows best having an active life as a member of a family unit. Being alone is an unnatural condition for dogs. They have a need to socialize. Humans are the primary source of social companion, replacing the original pack of dogs that previously provided the necessary care.

Many dogs, small breeds except very young dogs, dogs with very short hair and old or sick dogs can adapt to living out if they are provided and receive food, shelter and necessary care. All dogs must be kept in comfortable temperatures, food and clean water, clean surroundings.

If a dog is kept outside, special considerations must be taken before buying a shelter or dog house, depending on the size of the animal.

The ceiling must be between 2-3 inches higher than the highest part of the dog while sitting. The interior should provide 36 square inches of space per inch of the height of the dog, from the point of shoulder to the floor. (Example: a dog 20 "tall needs 720 square inches of floor space, 20" X 36 "= 720 square inches.)

Dog house or shelter must be protected from the wind, watching the door of the south. The entry must be close to the center so that the dog can lie in a corner inside their home, protected from wind and wind.

In the sheltered corner of the dog house should provide a box with sheets that form the nest dog. The roof must be able to be lifted to allow ventilation in hot weather and easy cleaning. The ceiling must be longer than the house in the front to provide shade and coverage area of ​​the sun and protect the same way entering the cold weather. During cold weather, the entrance should be covered with a flap of hard plastic or strong canvas.

The ceiling must be a little inclined to be drained. It must be located in a well-drained highest town. You must have clean sheets at all times. A cloth bag full of newspaper, straw, cedar or pine fine pieces can be used and can be changed and wash cloth bag often keeping the material inside the bag clean and fresh.

The shelter or dog house can be constructed from a variety of materials, such as exterior plywood, wooden barrels, hay or straw packed, barrels, etc. When completed, the interior must allow the animal feels, back and lie down. The animal must be kept dry and hot and can escape the direct rays of the sun outside.

Remember - the shelter or dog house is to sleep and to escape extreme weather - not to live. The interior should provide a comfortable and fully protected area from the wind. Do not build the big house, or not allow the temperature to keep the dog warm air around.

Color is important, shelter or heat-absorbing dark house; which it is nice during the winter, but disastrous and deadly in the summer. A house of light color reflects heat in the summer, but will not absorb heat in the winter. Use a medium color, such as green, or consider a reversible color on the roof - black on one side for winter and white one for the summer.

A shelter or dog house must be built on a platform floor to prevent moisture or water slips back inside the house during heavy rains. No dog should have to live or walk in flooded, muddy areas, or muddy! The hostel or house should be cleaned at least once a month, while areas around the house must be cleaned daily, or intestinal parasites and microorganisms can grow and cause disease.

Dogs must have clean, fresh, you should change the water frequently. Common problems include: use very small containers, that are not anchored to the floor or sustained, and can easily fall or roll over, metal containers that are left in the sun until the water gets too hot to drink, and frozen water.

Bury the dog water container half-measure keeps the water cooler and less easy to get back while the owner is not at home. Solutions to the water container back not include anchoring or tying plastic 5-gallon container to a close, a stick, a shelter or dog house; put a heavy object like a bottle of milk in the container to provide more stability, or putting the water container inside two sports car tires. When possible, put water in the shade during the summer and winter sun.

If the dog is not kept in a garden surrounded by fence - the situation of choice for a dog that is kept outside - must be kept in a fenced at least 4-6 feet wide and 8-12 feet long area) and it shall be brought to exercise beyond their area by its owner. If the animal is kept tied with string or something like that - you never recommended to do this and that makes the dog a more aggressive animal - the string must be at least 12 feet long, with closures that rotate the both sides to prevent the dog from getting tangled or that you do knots.

A dog should never use a very tight chain unless it is during training. A normal to restrict the animal necklace will be sufficient-sized and either leather or plastic collar or harness with zippers or snaps. Dogs must have a license, rabies tags and microchips all the time.

Special precautions ensure that the animal is not going to tangle and create knots in your rope around trees, posts, and garden swings. Make sure the dog can not dig under or jump the fence, or falling from a high level, the bleachers or elevated patios, Animal Association responds to several cases of dogs hanged each year.


No dog is biologically able to withstand the cold of our climate without shelter or dog house with the exception of the shepherds, St. Bernards, or Siberian huskies dogs, and even these require shelter and protection under the animal protection laws of Utah .

Heated your dog to be outside during winters are not so cold to your skin and body can adapt to the season and temperature changes. His coat will become thicker and can withstand cold temperatures, providing a shelter or dog house that is dry and where no air.

Dogs Respond to cold shivering and changing your breathing. Prevent Hypothermia (excessive body cooling) requires adequate shelter or dog house, protection against moisture and wind, good physical condition, and enough water and food. The hair of a healthy animal, skin and low tissue and body fat protects against hypothermia.

Most heat loss occurs during radiation, convection, and conduction of heat from the body surface. Conduction is the transfer of heat by direct contact, Convection is the transfer of heat to the environment through air or water on the body. While the radiation heat transfer happens if the animal comes to cold without enough hair or sufficient body condition.

Newborns and young puppies or older dogs represent concerns in cold weather. A newborn or young person loses more body heat per pound than the weight of an adult dog has less body fat that provides insulation, and your body does not respond shaking like an adult dog during early lactation stage dog.

Older dogs or older do not have the ability to elevate their bodies enough body temperature when they are moved from a warm to a cold environment. Usually there is less muscle mass that makes the response shaking less effective. These dogs require additional protection and greater than that of adult dogs nutrition.

It is most important for a dog outside to have enough body mass before having to go through a winter as muscle and body mass or body fat covering provides insulation. If a dog shows signs of poor condition (as low body mass or little fat around the hips, ribs, bone or back) you should increase the amount of food that is given.

The hostel entrance or doghouse should be only slightly larger for the dog in and out and should be placed so the wind will not stick to the entrance. The shelter or dog house should be lifted from the floor wet or frozen and should be well heatstroke. The bed should be lined with a thick removable and washable material, you could fill a pillow with pieces of paper, thin pieces of cedar or pine. You should check each day the dog bed and make sure it is dry and clean, because the skin and enter feet wet dog.

Check the dog food and water frequently during the day and make sure they are not frozen. The ice slip easily if you add a thin / thin layer of Vaseline as dry the water container after washing. An empty plastic water container and not split if frozen.

During the winter the dog should receive several small meals during the day instead of receiving a great meal. Need more calories (about 15% more food for every 20 degrees Fahrenheit low temperature) add some more animal fat or vegetable oil help to convert energy to heat the body.

Giving breastfeeding females, small dogs age growth, and working dogs have high energy requirements during cold weather. Add warm or hot water to your dog's food (according to package directions) can help ensure that drinking water is adequate and that the dog does not become dehydrated.

Dogs must be combed more often during the winter. A dry, clean, and well fluffy fur is more effective to keep the dogs warm a cold and dirty skin. This reduces their need for bathrooms.

Closing the gaps between the doghouse and the floor or concrete on which this house to prevent the wind is blowing down the hostel chilled inside the house. In very bad seasons, a lighted bulb can provide additional heat into the house.

Extremely cold temperature can lower the resistance of the animal to acquire any disease and cause ailments such as pneumonia and arthritis. Check your child's feet to your dog frequently and make sure they are not full of snow, ice, salt or chemicals.

A good temporary shelter may consist of a wooden or metal or even a cardboard box. The container / dog nest inside the house should be placed on a solid piece of wood and bricks laid up. Insula box with a blanket or sheet, and then enróllele in thickness several bags of plastic securing them with tape or engrapándolas to the structure. The temporary shelter should be replaced as soon as possible with a shelter or permanent home.

The best place for a home or shelter dog is in another building as a garage for car or home storage. The dog house can be located in a place of shade in the summer and a sunny place in winter.